Pumps and Filters in Bucks County and Montgomery County
Your pump and filter system is like the heart and kidneys of your pool. Good water circulation and filtration is vital to safe enjoyable pool use.
A lot of factors effect how much water you can circulate through your system as well as how quickly you can turn over the water. One factor is how strong is your heart or pool pump? Is it sized properly for your pool? What is its gallons per minute rating? If your pump is a heart then your plumbing is your arteries and capillaries. Are your arteries clogged or in pool terms is your plumbing restrictive? Do you have restrictive 1 ½” plumbing or free flowing 2” plumbing? The general rule of thumb is that you circulate and clean (or turn over) all the water in your pool at least every 24 hours. Therefore if you have a 30,000 gallon pool your system and its associated plumbing needs to be able to move 30,000 gallons in less than 24 hours. Ideally you want to be able to turn over all of your water within an 8-12hr time period because no one wants to have to run their system at full speed 24 hours a day. As you can imagine this would be rather costly and not very environmentally friendly.
Another important factor is the type of filter you are using. There are 3 main types, they include Sand, Cartridge and D.E. Filters.
- Sand Filters
Sand Filters have been used for thousands of years to clean water. In a way they mimic the way nature filters water by passing it though the soil. Sand filters generally are easy to operate and they include a backwashing feature that allows you to easily clean filtered debris from the sand bed. They are used very heavily in coastal regions because sand from the ocean doesn’t affect them. Sand filters are limited in terms of only being able to filter debris down to 30 microns in size. Generally pool water filtered by a sand filter will look relatively clean but can be slightly cloudy in nature. This effect is amplified while viewing water at night with the pool light on.
- Cartridge Filters
Cartridge filters make use of special paper filters that trap dirt inside the corrugations of the filter cartridge element. The advantage of a cartridge filter over a sand filter is that cartridges can filter to a particle size of 15 microns which is half that of sand. Cartridge filters have two main disadvantages. The first is that paper filter cartridges have around a 3-4 year lifespan and generally cost around $300 to replace. The second disadvantage is that cartridge filters do not have a backwash feature so you will need to periodically disassemble filter tank and hand clean the cartridges with your garden hose.
- D.E. Filters
D.E. filters make use of a network of grids that are coated with a filtering media called Diatomaceous Earth (organic material from microscopic organisms called Diatoms). As the “dirty water” passes through the grids the dirt clings to the D.E. coating. D.E. filters are capable of filtration down to the 5 micron level which is significant because many types of bacterial are slightly larger. Therefore a D.E. filter is able to remove bacteria that a Sand and Cartridge filter could pass through back to the pool. D.E. is relatively inexpensive and can be easily flushed out and renewed by use of the included backwash valve. D.E. filters are a favorite because they will give you the cleanest, clearest water possible with low maintenance and cost.
There are many inexpensive and quick ways to dramatically improve your pump and filter systems throughput and filtration. Allow Sparklean Pools to audit your system at no charge and make some recommendations to improve efficiency and functionality. Not only will you save money in energy usage and chemicals but your pool will be cleaner, safer, and easier to manage.